Male Infertility: Causes and Symptoms


According to the World Population Prospects, the fertility rate of Indians has reduced by 50% in 2015-2020 as compared to last forty decades from 4.9 to 2.3. It is further expected to reduce to 2.1 by 2025-2030. As per statistics of the Indian Society of Assisted Reproduction, the fertility rates in urban areas is already on par with the developed countries and one out of six couples are affected. Although generally infertility is associated more with women, studies now has shown that factors associated with both men and women can result to the condition. It is now known that less than 30% of men have normal semen characteristics that is adding to the cause of infertility. In fact, some studies have appropriated 40 – 50% of infertility to be due to the male factor.

Male infertility can be due to many reasons. Starting from issues with the Sperm such as – low sperm production, low sperm concentration (less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of sperm), poor motility (movement), morphology issues (size and shape), abnormal sperm functioning or blockage in delivery of the sperm etc. These are anatomical issues. Other causes related to the human physiology that affect fertility could be physical illnesses such as diabetes, injuries, erectile dysfunction, endocrine disorder (hormonal), and other chronic health problems. Environmental factors such as toxins, pesticides, herbicides, cosmetics, preservatives, cleaning materials, pharmaceuticals, heavy metals, free radicals and industrial by-products are also known to have an effect.

Most commonly discussed factors of male infertility includes Lifestyle factors, which refers to an individual’s way of life, interests, behavior orientation etc.  Today’s fast paced life is more demanding than ever.  Conditions such as obesity, habits such as drinking and smoking and stress are commonly found in urban areas as a result of the changing times. The three factors mentioned above form a kind of vicious cycle and are inter-linked.  Demands on both personal and professional lives – to excel in every sphere, follow the rat-race, to keep up with the rest of the crowd creates a lot of anxiety and ultimately causes stress. Stress is a result of lack of resources to deal with the challenges presented. To de-stress, either positive or negative coping mechanisms are adapted. Positive mechanisms include healthy habits such as exercising, relaxation, taking control of the situation etc., whereas negative ways of coping with stress include indulging in habits such as smoking and alcoholism. Another reaction to stress includes comfort eating which, coupled with sedentary lifestyle leads to Obesity. Easy access to fast food from restaurants also add up to increase in cholesterol levels etc. Thus, lifestyle factors of obesity, stress and drinking & smoking can affect fertility levels in the younger generation.

Obstetrician and Gynaecologist in basaveshwara nagar

The solution to Male Infertility treatment depends on the cause of the problem. Options include surgery to correct abnormalities in the anatomy or damage to reproductive organs, treating infections, treatment for intercourse problems, medications for hormonal imbalance and dysfunction etc. Surrogacy or using a third party for donating eggs or sperms are yet another option. But one of the most effective forms of treatment include In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) which is a part of Assistive Reproductive Technology (ART).  In simple terms, In-Vitro Fertilization is a procedure where sperm are mixed with multiple eggs collected from the woman in a test tube in a laboratory for fertilization. The eggs that are fertilized in this manner are then placed in to the uterus of the woman.

Often, people with infertility problems spend a lot of time and money for several years, with no avail and proper guidance, adding to the stress and anxiety. Their dreams of parenthood can seem distant, running pillar to post and ‘doctor-shopping’. What is needed in these situations is the right information from a credential and trustful source. A caring and empathetic environment, where feelings and emotions are acknowledged and a supportive shoulder is lent to the yearning parents to be is half the battle won.

One such center where the staff is friendly and professional, with a doctor who sets the right expectations with no false promises and values the concerns of the clients is that of Blossom Fertility Centre of Dr. Swetha Pramodh, Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, located at Basaveshwarnagar, Bengaluru. The mission of this center is to provide advanced reproductive, endocrine and fertility care to transform the lives of people.  The Center has been highly acknowledged by numerous clients across the globe. Thus, to unlock the emotions of parenthood, one can schedule a free consultation today for a thorough understanding and where no call or problem goes unanswered.

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