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IVF – Birthing Hope with the Help of Science

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IVF has covered quite a distance in the past four decades, thereby giving hope to couples yearning for a newborn. According to recent data, 10-15 % of married couples face infertility in India. That is a vast 27.5 million couples. With the advancement in the medical field, IVF has given hope to have a little one at home. Here let’s take a peek to know what this IVF is and why couples need to go for it and when do they go for it.

What is IVF ?

IVF or invitro fertilization is a clinical procedure wherein the woman’s egg and man’s sperm are united or fertilized in a glass dish in a clinical lab. The natural process that occurs during conception is medically done in a controlled environment by infertility specialists. On successful fertilization,the embryo is let to grow for 5 to 6 days till it reaches ‘blastocyst’ stage. The next stage in ‘Embryo transfer.’ In a short medical procedure, the embryos are transferred to the woman’s uterus. On successful implantation of the embryo in uterus it further results in pregnancy.

When is IVF preferred ?

After quite a few unsuccessful attempts over some time, it is advisable for couples to go for medical advice. With recommended blood tests and medical checks, you get to know the reason behind the failure. The reason can be in either one of the couples resulting in the inability of natural conception.

The common medical issues found in women are:

The common medical issuesfound in men are:

Anyone one of the reasons above will result in infertility. It has also been found that though none of the above reasons exist among the couple,they still face infertility. They come under ‘Unexplained Infertility’ category. According to the medical practitioners, IVF treatment for unexplained infertility is challenging as they do not know the exact reason for infertility. Knowing the reasons helps the practitioners to plan the mode of treatment for the couple.

Women with damaged fallopian tubes and irregular menstrual cycles can benefit the most from IVF as it surpasses both the hurdles. In case eggs produced are not healthy, you can even opt for a donor egg during IVF.

Male infertility concerning low sperm count and immobility of sperms can be handled with ICSI procedure. In ICSI or intracytoplasmic sperm injection, all you need is only one healthy sperm to fertilize the egg.

Who might not benefit from IVF ?

If woman’s ovaries are not producing healthy eggs and not ready to accept from a donor, IVF would not be an answer. It has been found that after 37 years of age women find it challenging to conceive with IVF. A healthy donor egg is a viable option for women nearing 40. In women around 40 years, IVF success rate more with donor eggs.

What other options are available apart from IVF to treat infertility ?

The medical fraternities do not go for IVF immediately. Based on the medical reports they decide the course of action.

The failure of the above procedures can make doctors suggest IVF.

The success rate of IVF is dependent on various factors such as:

The success rate is directly related to the woman’s age. Lower the woman’s age higher the success rate. With age approaching 40, the IVF success rate to dips.

Dr. Shwetha Pramodh has been successfully treating infertility in couples at Blossom fertility centre in Basaveshwaranagar. Dr Shwetha Pramodh has more than 13 years of experience in the field of gynecology and reproductive medicine. She is passionate about assisted reproductive techniques. She is continually updating with the latest technologies to equip herself to face challenges while treating infertility.

With couples need as priority Dr. Shwetha Pramodh suggests customized treatment. With the right guidance and proper treatment, you can cross over the bridge of infertility in no time.

IVF procedure takes around 4 to 8 weeks of time. The vital point here is that the couples need to relax and prepare themselvesto go through the process as the wait might check the patience and porve to be trying during those weeks.

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